The Collector’s Mother

The Collector’s Mother is a story of grit and perseverance. An ‘unwanted’ woman from an underprivileged background is attacked and, along with her husband, dragged on the village road and humiliated, and the family’s land grabbed by a local land mafia. In the godforsaken village deep into the hinterland, such excesses are not uncommon, but her steely resolve makes her stand out. How she weathers through such soul-sapping encounters to beat all odds and inspires his son to become a collector is at the heart of this extraordinary story set against the backdrop of abject caste oppression, absence of rule of law, persistent traditional power structure, pitiable education system, food insecurity, drought, famine, lack of health care and communication, hatred and domination by fellow villagers.

Shared Roots

The Indosphere is a broad, expansive cultural and geographical category under the influence of ancient India. While India’s cultural reach beyond the subcontinent has a storied past, its relationship with Cambodia is all but forgotten. Shared Roots tries to plug that gap. Embark on a captivating odyssey through the vibrant currents that once flowed freely between India and Cambodia. Woven together by the threads of dharma, the Indosphere is a fascinating realm where kings exchanged not just spices but also ideas, where artists found inspiration in shared mythology and where spirituality transcended borders.


In this collection, seven authors from diverse fields meticulously plot the textures of this bilateral history, revealing the profound connection that shaped both the nations. From the echoing verses of the Reamker to the breathtaking grandeur of Angkor Wat, each page unveils the enduring legacy of this ancient bond.


But Shared Roots is more than just a historical journey. It is an invitation to rediscover the power and beauty of cultural exchange untainted by colonialism, a potent reminder that diversity is not just a feature but also an essential building block of a just society. Drawing upon meticulous research and captivating storytelling, this book ignites a conversation about civilizational revival, urging us to celebrate the past while embracing a future enriched by shared understanding.


The book is a stunning exploration of cultural fusion, a testament to the enduring power of enlightened values, and a call to action for a more vibrant world.

जीत मोदी शासन की

गहन शोध और विश्लेषण पर आधारित ‘जीत मोदी शासन की: समृद्धि के अभिनव पथ पर भारत’ पुस्तक मोदी सरकार की प्रमुख पहलों, सुधारों और नवाचारों का व्यापक विश्लेषण करती है, जिन्होंने भारत के सामाजिक, आर्थिक और राजनीति क परिदृश्य को बदलकर रख दिया है। महत्वाकांक्षी ‘मेक इन इंडिया’ अभियान से लेकर वस्तु एवं सेवा कर (जीएसटी) के माध्यम से कर प्रणाली में बड़े बदलाव तक, हर अध्याय एक ऐसे नेता की कहानी को प्रस्तुत करता है जिसने दुनिया के सबसे बड़े लोकतंत्र में शासन के मायने ही बदल दिए हैं।


यह पुस्तक न केवल मोदी सरकार की उपलब्धियों पर प्रकाश डालती है, बल्कि उनके कार्यकाल के दौरान सामने आई चुनौतियों और विवादों का भी समग्र मूल्यांकन करती है। यह उन सभी के लिए एक आवश्यक पुस्तक है जो भारत में हो रहे परिवर्तनों और प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी की भूमि का को समझने में रुचि रखते हैं, जो देश के भविष्य को नया आकार देने में महत्वपूर्ण भूमि का निभा रहे हैं।

Reclaiming Bharatavarsha

Reclaiming Bharatavarsha is a collection of topical and exploratory essays organized around three broad themes. The first explores various facets of classical Bharatavarsha, which is defined as India before the advent of alien Islamic invaders and British colonisation. The second delves into the condition of an India under successive alien regimes. The impact of these regimes on our culture and society is contrasted with the conditions prevailing in the preceding classical era. The third studies the imprint of these bouts of foreign rule on contemporary national life. The three themes taken separately are complementary, and together they offer a scope for comparative analyses of the politics, culture, society, customs, and literature of different eras in the life of this ancient land.


From selected episodes drawn from the Puranas and the Mahabharata to the sacred history of the banana, from the 17th-century Bengali arrack to woke cinema, from the 1962 war with China to hair dyes, the book offers an eclectic mix of atypical essays, the narratives of which are filled with rare anecdotes and vivid details, all of which are backed by scholarly research.


The book also has a contemporary context—the unprecedented transformation of India over the last decade. A major outcome of this transformation is the surge in interest for recovering India’s national and civilizational past. This collective resurgence is an expression of cultural self-confidence, which had fallen by the wayside for centuries. Reclaiming Bharatavarsha is a humble addition to this national endeavour.

Rearming Hinduism

Rearming Hinduism is a handbook for intellectual resistance. Within its pages, Vamsee Juluri delivers a sharp and comprehensive examination of Hinduphobia pervasive in contemporary academia, media, and popular culture. Juluri not only exposes the Hinduphobic narrative’s denial of the profound truths and beauty within Hindu philosophy but also challenges its disregard for the inherent integrity and sacredness of the natural world. This book fearlessly dismantles prevalent misconceptions about nature, history, and ancient civilizations propagated by modern media while debunking Hinduphobic myths surrounding Aryans, invasions, and ritual practices. Through this critique, Rearming Hinduism draws connections between Hinduphobia and a culture marked by exploitation and self-destruction, suggesting that a revitalized Hindu perspective may offer a potent counterforce. It urges readers to envision the present through the lens of timeless principles, thereby uplifting our understanding of our land, time, and the enduring values of sanatana dharma.

Desires, Dreams and Powers

Desires, Dreams and Powers is a fascinating saga of the life and times of Tathagata Roy. Not many people may have traipsed into so many fields of life as Roy has. He has been a civil engineer, an encyclopaedic, a university teacher, a researcher, a contract lawyer, a politician, an author in two languages, an intrepid traveller and, lately, a history buff.


By writing about his times than his life, Roy covers truly eventful eight decades of a nation in transition, during which British rule transmogrified into the partitions of India and Bengal, the world around him transformed from writing with a quill pen to taming the personal computer and toying with AI, and politics from optimism to Naxalism to hope. His native West Bengal, the crucible of left ideology, finally exorcised the ghost of Marxism by overthrowing the Left Front united in 2011 after 34 years of unbroken communist rule. Through it all, he pranced into high school, segued into engineering college, got his first job with the Indian railways, taught at Jadavpur University, joined the Bharatiya Janata Party and capped it all up by becoming the governor of three north-eastern states of India.


The book is as much about the trajectory of a nation on the move as it is about Roy’s life. The parallel is unmissable.


How often have you been advised to follow the teachings of Krishna but wondered what those teachings were? Krishna-Niti: Timeless Strategic Wisdom brings forth eleven of the most important lessons delivered by Krishna at critical junctures in the Mahabharata. These practical lessons are different from the spiritual wisdom imparted to Arjuna in the celebrated Bhagavad-Gita. Whether negotiating for peace between the Kauravas and Pandavas, resolving internal conflicts in the Pandava camp, or inspiring Yudhishthira to rule as a Dharmaraja (righteous ruler) at the end of the Kuruskshetra war, Krishna emerges as the strategist par excellence, who is as worldly wise as he is spiritually enlightened.


Krishna’s instructions cover a wide range of subjects, including ethics, strategy, governance, policy, and above all dharma. However, throughout its wide scope, Krishna-Niti is governed by an underlying worldview, which can be summarised as jnana-karma-samuchchaya, or the right combination of knowledge and action to achieve the fourfold goals of human life. Krishna argues that karma is essential to life and natural order. Steadfastness in one’s karma is the key to the attainment of one’s goals whether material or spiritual. Escapism or inaction is not an option, neither is indecisiveness stemming from unending intellectual debates. In no case should one abandon one’s duty by citing a lack of good options.


Krishna’s role in the Mahabharata is not just as a knower of dharma (dharmajna) but as its upholder and institutor (dharma-samsthapaka). Therefore, unlike other great works on niti, Krishna’s instructions are not theoretical but have an immediate relation to the situation at hand. His guidance is always delivered to a particular character in the epic, especially in moments of crisis, internal dissension, or war. This implies that we get to see the principles of Krishna-Niti in action throughout the epic.


The authors, Kushagra Aniket and Nityananda Misra, draw upon their extensive research into the Mahabharata to present a unique gem of Nitishastra that is distilled from the quintessential Itihasa of India. They analyse Krishna’s practical wisdom through his interventions on numerous occasions. Rooted in the vision of the epic, Krishna-Niti: Timeless Strategic Wisdom paints the authentic picture of Krishna as a statesman—an enduring image that is deeply relevant to our times.

Whispers from the Past

Whispers from the Past is an overture to the history and culture of classical Kashmir, which for over a thousand years was one of the most creative places in the world. Through the book, the author hopes to acquaint the reader with Kashmir’s contributions to art and aesthetics, including drama, music, painting, sculpture, sciences, yoga, tantra, literature, and philosophy. The region’s culture was premised on the idea that universal consciousness binds humanity together, and knowing this at the individual’s level is fundamental to self-understanding and for creative growth. Classical Kashmiri artists appreciated great art not merely from its inherent cleverness points of view but for its capacity to inspire audiences to the source of creativity itself, and this entailed devotion to excellence and a robust tradition of criticism. The book explores the currents of intellectual life and the lives of prominent royals, writers, and sages, showing how Kashmiri scholars and travellers came to influence not only southern regions but also far-away lands beyond the Himalayas. It showcases Kashmir’s famed storytelling tradition through abridged tales from the Panchatantra, Kathā-sarit-sāgara, and Yoga Vāsiṣṭha, the last of which is arguably the greatest book of imagination and wisdom ever written on the conundrums of consciousness with unequalled clarity. Kashmiri aesthetics and the search for meaning in life resonate with modern sensibility

My Freedom of Expression

My Freedom of Expression is a collection of 22 articles published in recent years mostly by the Statesman newspaper. The anthology—varied in its themes ranging from Indic civilization to democracy, scientific temper to religious bigotry and identity to governance—is an exploration of what holds India back to become a global leader. The author picked some of contemporary’s most contentious topics, such as global warming, scientific marvels, the mysteries of life and the universe, cultural and religious superstitions, illusions and prejudices in the practise of science, and the importance of religion in society, and dissected them one by one with a rationalist knife. So what his writings essentially do is show a mirror to society. By being both accessible and arresting at once, the book deserves a place in everyone’s library.

प्रतीक्षा शिवाची

ज्या सहजतेने काशी किंवा वाराणसी आपल्या इतिहासाचे प्रचंड ओझे वाहते, तशी जगातील फार थोडी ठिकाणे असतील. ही नगरी आपल्या संस्कृतीच्या आत्म्याचे आणि शतकानुशतके आलेली विपरीत परिस्थिती, हल्ले सहन करूनही पुन्हापुन्हा उभी राहत आपल्या अपराजित वृत्तीचे दर्शन घडवते. 


 प्रतीक्षा शिवाचीकाशीज्ञानवापीच्या सत्याचा शोधया पुस्तकाच्या माध्यमातून विश्वेश्वर किंवा विश्वनाथाच्या रुपातील शिवाचा अधिवास असणाऱ्या काशीचा इतिहास, तिची प्राचीनता आणि पावित्र्याचे दर्शन घडते. जो या शहरात आपला देह ठेवतो त्याला मोक्ष मिळेल असे वचन प्रत्यक्ष शिव देतो. हे पुस्तक या स्वयंभू ज्योतिर्लिंग विश्वेश्वराच्या इतिहासाचा सखोल शोध घेते. आपल्या भक्तांचे आश्रयस्थान असलेले हे विश्वेश्वर मंदिर हे नेहमीच धर्मांध मूर्तीभंजकांच्या निशाण्यावर राहिलेले आहे. परंतु जेव्हा जेव्हा हे मंदिर उद्ध्वस्त करून त्याचे अस्तित्व पुसून टाकण्याचा प्रयत्न झाला तेव्हा तेव्हा हे मंदिर पुन्हा उभे राहिले आणि भरभराटीला आले. 


मंदिराच्या इतिहासातील या प्रलयंकारी घटनांचा लेखाजोखाप्रतीक्षा शिवाचीहे पुस्तक मांडते. जुलमी मुघल बादशाह औरंगजेबाने १६६९ मध्ये या मंदिरावर घातलेला घाव वर्मी बसला आहे. त्याने मंदिर फोडले आणि मंदिराच्या पश्चिमेकडील अर्धवट तुटलेल्या भिंतीवर घुमट उभे करून त्याला मशिदीचे रूप दिले. आज ज्याला ज्ञानवापी मशीद म्हणतात ती मशीद आणि त्याच्या आजूबाजूची आणि अठराव्या शतकात बांधल्या गेलेल्या नव्या विश्वनाथ मंदिराजवळची जागा यावरून नेहमीच वादंग माजलेला आहे. भूतकाळात या मुद्द्यावरून अनेक वेळा रक्तरंजित दंगली झाल्या आहेत. इंग्रजी सत्तेच्या काळातही या जमिनीच्या मालकी आणि ताब्याच्या मुद्द्यावरून अनेक वेळा ब्रिटिश न्यायालयांचे दरवाजे ठोठावले गेले आहेत, त्यासंबंधीचे खटले चालवले गेले आहेत. स्वातंत्र्यानंतरही हा पूर्ण परिसर मुक्त करावा अशी मनीषा हिंदूंच्या मनात कायमच वास करत आली आहे. २०२१ ला नव्याने दाखल करण्यात आलेल्या एका खटल्याने या फार काळापासून ठसठसणाऱ्या जखमेवरची खपली निघाली. भारतीय पुरातत्व विभागाकडून सर्वेक्षण होऊ नये यासाठी अगदी सर्वोच्च न्यायालयापर्यंत वारंवार अपीले करूनही हे सर्वेक्षण झाले आणि जानेवारी २०२४ मध्ये या सर्वेक्षणाने या पूर्ण प्रकरणातील सत्य उजेडात आणले. 


विक्रम संपतचे हे नवे पुस्तक या मंदिराचा बहुपेडी इतिहास, त्यात आलेली नाट्यमय वळणे, घडलेल्या गूढ घडामोडी, या जागेवरून झालेले कडाक्याचे वादविवाद या साऱ्या गोष्टी उलगडून दाखवते. कितीतरी काळ ज्ञानवापीमध्ये दडपून आणि लपवून ठेवलेल्या या गुपितांना या पुस्तकाच्या रूपाने वाचा फुटली आहे.


कहानी संग्रह के रूप में प्रस्तुतदेवदूतऐसी सच्ची घटनाओं का संग्रह है जिनमें जीवन से निराश व हताश लोगों के जीवन में एक अप्रत्याशित मोड़ आता है और किसी व्यक्ति के सहयोग से उनका नारकीय व दुखद जीवन सुख की लालिमा को देखने लगता है। देवदूत की कहानियों में वे ही घटनाएं चित्रित की गई हैं जो उन पात्रोंसे साक्षात्कार करते समय मुझे बतलाई गईं। 


इन कहानियों को खोजते हुए मैंने मानव विषाद व वंचनाओं को अति निकट से देखा एवं मेरी लेखनी ने उन सभी मार्मिक अनुभवों को एक क्रम में सजाने की कोशिश की है। 


देवदूत में एक ऐसे ही व्यक्ति के जनकल्याणकारी कार्यों का वर्णन है, जिनसे पीड़ितों व उपेक्षित लोगों को उनके बुरे समय में इलाज, वित्तीय सहायता, सम्मान, सुरक्षा, भोजन, वस्त्र, योजनाओं का लाभ आदि प्राप्त हुई और उनके जीवन का विषाद अचानक से कम हो गया। 


जैसेजैसे आप इस पुस्तक के पन्नों में चित्रित उन सच्ची घटनाओं को पढ़ेंगे, वैसेवैसे आपको उन पीड़ितों की पीड़ा और उनकी पीड़ा को हरने के लिए उनके जीवन में आये देवदूत के जनपरोपकारी कार्यों के बारे में पता चलेगा। 


Kashi: The Valiant History of a Sacred Geography tells the story of the most sacred of all Hindu holy cities through the prism of sacred geography as is extensively documented in the Sthala Purana. The book features a summary of the Kashi Khanda from the Skanda Purana, an ancient text on the divine origin and leela surrounding the kshetra of Kashi. The history of this kshetra is enriched by the accounts of warrior sadhus, sages, kings, queens, devotees and ordinary citizens who dedicated their lives to preserving and reviving this sacred geography by doggedly building and rebuilding temples, taking up arms against invaders, meticulously documenting Kashi’s history and lore, and tenaciously sustaining pilgrimage routes and practices covering the holy sites of this pivotal city.


In particular, the lesser-known story of the warrior sadhus who defended the Kashi Vishwanath temple from marauding invaders is explored through the lens of sacred geography. Studied in this light, Kashi is both a spatial and metaphysical contestation. The current controversy and litigation over the Gyanvapi site cannot therefore be satisfactorily resolved without taking recourse to the idea of sacred geography, which has since time immemorial informed Hindus and indigenous societies worldwide about their identity and the relevance of space and place, culture and metaphysics, civilization and the development of nationhood.


In his debut book, Biswaroop offers an insight into career lessons he has learned in his long years of managing organisations and talent. Through a collection of reflections and musings, he invites readers to join him on a journey of discovery, reflection and growth. He brings with him the perspective of an experienced practitioner who is passionate about making a difference in organisations and the lives of the employees.


From navigating leadership to fostering a positive organisational culture and managing uncertainty and change to crafting strategic talent agenda, each reflection offers a unique perspective on various dimensions of managing organisations and talent in today’s ever-evolving workplace landscape. Whether you’re an HR professional seeking inspiration, a business leader looking to understand the intricacies of HR management or simply curious about the inner workings of human resources, this book provides a gem of a lesson to all those interested in people and talent management.

प्रतीक्षा शिव की ज्ञान वापी काशी के सत्य का उद्घाटन

दुनिया में कुछ ही ऐसी जगहें हैं जो इतनी सहजता से इतिहास का भार वहन कर पाती हैं, जितना काशी या वाराणसी ने किया है। यह पवित्र शहर हमारी सभ्यता की आत्मा का प्रतीक है और उस लचीलेपन का प्रतीक है जो हमने सदियों से कई प्रतिकूलताओं और घातक हमलों का सामना करते हुए प्रदर्शित किया है।


‘प्रतीक्षा शिव की: ज्ञान वापी काशी के सत्य का उद्घाटन’ विश्वेश्वर या विश्वनाथ रूपी भगवान शिव की निवास स्थली के रूप में काशी के इतिहास, प्राचीनता और पवित्रता को पुनः प्रस्तुत करती है। शिव ने स्वयं अपने भक्तों को आश्वासन दिया था कि यदि वे अपनी नश्वर कुण्डली का इस शहर में करेंगे तो उन्हें मोक्ष प्राप्त होगा। यह पुस्तक विश्वेश्वर के इस स्वयं-प्रकट स्वयंभू ज्योतिर्लिंग मंदिर के इतिहास पर प्रकाश डालती है, जो सदियों से भक्तों के लिए शरणस्थली भी रही है और मूर्तिभंजन की रक्तरंजित लहरों का लक्ष्यभी रही है। हालाँकि, जब भी मंदिर को ध्वस्तकर उसे नष्ट करने का प्रयास किया गया, यह और भी तीव्र उत्थान तथा वैभव के साथ लोकजीवन के समक्ष प्रकट हुआ।


यह पुस्तक मंदिर के इतिहास में घटित इन प्रलयकारी घटनाओं का दस्तावेजीकरण करती है। मंदिर को अंतिम आघात 1669 में मुगल शासक औरंगज़ेब द्वारा दिया गया, जिसने मंदिर को खंडित कर, इसे मस्जिद कहे जाने के लिए आंशिक रूप से नष्ट हुई पश्चिमी दीवार पर कुछ गुंबद खड़े कर दिए। वह क्षेत्र जिसे अब ज्ञान वापी मस्जिद कहा जाता है और आसपास की भूमि जो कि विश्वनाथ के नए मंदिर के निकट स्थित है, 18वीं शताब्दी के अंत में बनी थी तथा यह हमेशा से तीव्र विवाद का विषय रही है। इस मुद्देको लेकर वाराणसी में पहले भी कई बार खूनी दंगे हो चुके हैं। औपनिवेशिक युग के दौरान, क़ब्ज़े के मुद्दे को निपटाने के लिए ब्रिटिश अदालतों के दरवाजे खटखटाए गए और उन्होंने कई बार इस मामले पर अपना निर्णय भी दिया। स्वतंत्रता के बाद भी, इस परिसर को ‘मुक्त’ कराने की इच्छा हिंदू मन-मानस में पनपती रही है। ऐसे में वाराणसी सिविल कोर्ट के समक्ष 2021 में दायर एक नए मुकदमे ने लंबे समय से चले आ रहे ऐतिहासिक घाव को फिर से हरा कर दिया। याचिका को खारिज करने के लिए सुप्रीम कोर्ट में कई अपीलों के बावजूद, भारतीय पुरातत्व सर्वेक्षण (एएसआई) को इस परिसर के सर्वेक्षण का आदेश दिया गया, जिसने जनवरी 2024 में अपने निष्कर्षों के माध्यम से सच्चाई को उजागर किया।


विक्रम संपत की यह नवीनतम पेशकश इस विवादित स्थल के लंबे इतिहास और इस प्राचीन मंदिर के विचित्र अतीत में आए नाटकीय मोड़ और बदलावों की याद दिलाती है। ज्ञान वापी में लंबे समय से दबे हुए रहस्यों को अंततः इस पुस्तक के माध्यम से आवाज मिलती है।

Stalled Wheels of Justice

‘Justice delayed is justice denied’ is a legal maxim that is often used to buttress the need for speedy justice. But what do we make of justice if it is served to a humble postman accused of stealing 57 rupees and 60 paise or a poor bus conductor charged with siphoning off 5 paise after legal battles that lasted for 29 years and 41 years, respectively? What do we make of justice if it costs so much that a retired senior bureaucrat and a senior Supreme Court judge say that they cannot afford the cost of litigation?


What comes closest to this idea of manifest injustice is ‘justice delayed’ and ‘unequal access to justice’. There are various impediments and roadblocks to the dispensation of justice that can be termed as fair. Many of them are beyond the control of the judiciary itself. But a Bharat envisioning to become developed by 2047 needs to have a judiciary enabled by technology, guided by integrity, and motivated to provide quick relief. Piled-up case files, vacant judicial positions, and crumbling spaces cannot be the hallmark of a ‘nation on the move’. To clear these impediments, a concerted effort is required from all the stakeholders starting from government to litigants to the bar and the bench.


The judiciary needs to be sophisticated and driven by the zeitgeist of high productivity, and judges need to have modern courtrooms so they can deliver justice swiftly. Stalled Wheels of Justice is not a commentary on law. That is something best left to jurists, lawyers, and constitutional experts. This is the story of law not being able to transform into justice. This is the story of denied insaaf and delayed nyaya. This is the story of a process that the author witnessed as a court reporter—a process that former chief justice of India N.V. Ramana equated with punishment. When the process itself becomes the punishment, poor justice-seekers become the first victims. Even when relief and judgments come forth, they are often empty of substance for they are pyrrhic victories. Much has been said and written from the points of view of persons in black robes, university professors, and intellectuals. But what about from men and women of the country who bore the heavy burden of injustice? This is the story of a faulty process, solvable unsolved problems, and, above all, of people at the end of the spectrum.


Nastik chronicles the transformative journey of a modern Indian sceptic who initially embraced Western neo-atheism. It begins with the protagonist’s disillusionment with religious dogma and his subsequent adoption of Western neo-atheism, characterized by a staunch denial of theism and a critique of religion’s influence on society.


As the narrative unfolds, he encounters the rich tapestry of Indian philosophy. He discovers the nuanced perspectives of nastik schools of thought in Indian tradition, such as Charvaka, Jainism and certain interpretations of Buddhism, which reject the authority of the Vedas and the existence of a creator god yet engage deeply with ethical and philosophical questions. His transformation into a nastik and Nirishvarwaadi is marked by an appreciation for the complexity of Eastern scepticism, which often intertwines with spiritual and moral considerations unlike the more direct and often materialistic scepticism prevalent in the West. The book delves into the differences between Western and Eastern scepticism, highlighting how Eastern traditions offer a nuanced view that accommodates doubt within a spiritual framework.


As his worldview evolves, he critiques the emergence of neo-atheism’s successor, ‘wokeism’, which he argues marks a shift from scepticism to a new form of dogmatism. He argues that neo-atheism inadvertently paved the way for wokeism by undermining traditional structures without offering a sustainable alternative, leading to a vacuum that wokeism has filled with its own set of moral certainties.


At the penultimate stage, the protagonist explores the concept of Hindu scepticism, which is considered part of the broader Hindu tradition. The inclusiveness of this tradition highlights the unique ability of dharma to absorb various strands of thought. As the narration closes, he learns that at the heart of dharmic traditions lies a commitment to mutual respect, reciprocity and ahimsa (non-violence), which have allowed for a diverse array of beliefs and practices to coexist and flourish within the Indian philosophical landscape.

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